Glossary of gall terms

Galls are plant structures that are not normally made by plants but rather are induced by another organism in order to protect and feed the inducer or its progeny. For example, a gall wasp (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae) might inject her eggs and venom into the leaf of an oak tree. The oak responds by building a complex structure around those eggs—i.e., the gall. The wasp larvae feed on the plant tissue inside this gall, which protects them from natural enemies (e.g., predators) and harsh environmental conditions. This data set is a list of terms researchers use to describe the morphology of galls, including their shape, hairiness, texture, and color. Terms were manually extracted from species descriptions and matched to relevant classes in ontologies available in the OBO Foundry (http://www.obofoundry.org/). The initial data set focuses on cynipid galls, but the term list is available for expansion to cover other types of galls.

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Work Title Glossary of gall terms
Access
Open Access
Creators
  1. Andrew Deans
  2. LOUIS NASTASI
  3. Denise C Montelongo
Keyword
  1. insect
  2. botany
  3. entomology
  4. taxonomy
  5. ecology
  6. evolution
License CC BY 4.0 (Attribution)
Work Type Dataset
Acknowledgments
  1. John Tooker provided feedback that greatly improved some of our definitions. This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. DEB-1856626. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author sand do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.
Publication Date March 16, 2021
Subject
  1. entomology
Language
  1. English
DOI doi:10.26207/22e9-ck06
Deposited March 02, 2021

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Version 1
published

  • Created
  • Updated Acknowledgments Show Changes
    Acknowledgments
    • John Tooker provided feedback that greatly improved some of our definitions. This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. DEB-1856626. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author sand do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.
  • Added Creator Andrew Deans
  • Added Creator LOUIS NASTASI
  • Added Creator Denise C Montelongo
  • Added GallTerminology.csv
  • Updated Description, Semantic Version, License Show Changes
    Description
    • Galls are plant structures that are not normally made by plants but rather are induced by another organism in order to protect and feed the inducer or its progeny. For example, a gall wasp (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae) might inject her eggs and venom into the leaf of an oak tree. The oak responds by building a complex structure around those eggs—i.e., the gall. The wasp larvae feed on the plant tissue inside this gall, which protects them from natural enemies (e.g., predators) and harsh environmental conditions. This data set is a list of terms researchers use to describe the morphology of galls, including their shape, hairiness, texture, and color.
    • Galls are plant structures that are not normally made by plants but rather are induced by another organism in order to protect and feed the inducer or its progeny. For example, a gall wasp (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae) might inject her eggs and venom into the leaf of an oak tree. The oak responds by building a complex structure around those eggs—i.e., the gall. The wasp larvae feed on the plant tissue inside this gall, which protects them from natural enemies (e.g., predators) and harsh environmental conditions. This data set is a list of terms researchers use to describe the morphology of galls, including their shape, hairiness, texture, and color.
    • Methods:
    • Terms were manually extracted from species descriptions and matched to relevant classes in ontologies available in the OBO Foundry (Smith et al. 2007), especially the Phenotype and Trait Ontology and the Plant Ontology.
    • Reference:
    • Smith, B., Ashburner, M., Rosse, C. et al. The OBO Foundry: coordinated evolution of ontologies to support biomedical data integration. Nat Biotechnol 25, 1251–1255 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1038/nbt1346
    Semantic Version
    • 1.0.0
    License
    • https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
  • Updated Description, Semantic Version Show Changes
    Description
    • Galls are plant structures that are not normally made by plants but rather are induced by another organism in order to protect and feed the inducer or its progeny. For example, a gall wasp (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae) might inject her eggs and venom into the leaf of an oak tree. The oak responds by building a complex structure around those eggs—i.e., the gall. The wasp larvae feed on the plant tissue inside this gall, which protects them from natural enemies (e.g., predators) and harsh environmental conditions. This data set is a list of terms researchers use to describe the morphology of galls, including their shape, hairiness, texture, and color.
    • Methods:
    • Terms were manually extracted from species descriptions and matched to relevant classes in ontologies available in the OBO Foundry (Smith et al. 2007), especially the Phenotype and Trait Ontology and the Plant Ontology.
    • Reference:
    • Smith, B., Ashburner, M., Rosse, C. et al. The OBO Foundry: coordinated evolution of ontologies to support biomedical data integration. Nat Biotechnol 25, 1251–1255 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1038/nbt1346
    • Galls are plant structures that are not normally made by plants but rather are induced by another organism in order to protect and feed the inducer or its progeny. For example, a gall wasp (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae) might inject her eggs and venom into the leaf of an oak tree. The oak responds by building a complex structure around those eggs—i.e., the gall. The wasp larvae feed on the plant tissue inside this gall, which protects them from natural enemies (e.g., predators) and harsh environmental conditions. This data set is a list of terms researchers use to describe the morphology of galls, including their shape, hairiness, texture, and color. Terms were manually extracted from species descriptions and matched to relevant classes in ontologies available in the OBO Foundry (http://www.obofoundry.org/).
    Semantic Version
    • 1.0.0
  • Published
  • Updated

Version 2
published

  • Created
  • Updated Description Show Changes
    Description
    • Galls are plant structures that are not normally made by plants but rather are induced by another organism in order to protect and feed the inducer or its progeny. For example, a gall wasp (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae) might inject her eggs and venom into the leaf of an oak tree. The oak responds by building a complex structure around those eggs—i.e., the gall. The wasp larvae feed on the plant tissue inside this gall, which protects them from natural enemies (e.g., predators) and harsh environmental conditions. This data set is a list of terms researchers use to describe the morphology of galls, including their shape, hairiness, texture, and color. Terms were manually extracted from species descriptions and matched to relevant classes in ontologies available in the OBO Foundry (http://www.obofoundry.org/).
    • Galls are plant structures that are not normally made by plants but rather are induced by another organism in order to protect and feed the inducer or its progeny. For example, a gall wasp (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae) might inject her eggs and venom into the leaf of an oak tree. The oak responds by building a complex structure around those eggs—i.e., the gall. The wasp larvae feed on the plant tissue inside this gall, which protects them from natural enemies (e.g., predators) and harsh environmental conditions. This data set is a list of terms researchers use to describe the morphology of galls, including their shape, hairiness, texture, and color. Terms were manually extracted from species descriptions and matched to relevant classes in ontologies available in the OBO Foundry (http://www.obofoundry.org/). The initial data set focuses on cynipid galls, but the term list is available for expansion to cover other types of galls.
  • Published
  • Updated

Version 3
published

  • Created
  • Updated Publication Date Show Changes
    Publication Date
    • 2021-03-02
    • 2021-03-16
  • Added GallTerminology3.csv
  • Published
  • Updated

Version 4
published

  • Created
  • Added gallTerminology4.csv
  • Published
  • Updated

Version 5
published

  • Created
  • Deleted GallTerminology3.csv
  • Deleted GallTerminology.csv
  • Published
  • Updated