Providing Choice Enhances Motor Performance under Psychological Pressure

The purpose of this present study was to examine whether providing choice would enhance motor performance under psychological pressure. Participants were asked to throw soft-golf balls toward a circular target. The practice phase consisted of 30 trials using three colored balls (i.e., blue, red, yellow) from 5.5 meters. Participants then performed 10 throws from 2 different distances: 5.5 meters (pressure phase) and 6.5 meters (transfer pressure phase) under psychological pressure. Prior to the pressure and transfer pressure phases, the choice group participants were asked to choose the color of the soft-golf ball whereas the control group participants were yoked to their counterpart participant based on the selections of their colored balls. Results demonstrated that despite similar throwing accuracy being produced at the pressure phase between the two groups, the choice group had significantly higher accuracy scores at the transfer pressure phase than the control group. Thus, the autonomy-supportive condition led to enhanced motor performance under psychological pressure.



Work Title Providing Choice Enhances Motor Performance under Psychological Pressure
Open Access
  1. Takehiro Iwatsuki
  2. Mark P. Otten
License In Copyright (Rights Reserved)
Work Type Article
  1. Journal of Motor Behavior
Publication Date January 1, 2021
Publisher Identifier (DOI)
Deposited November 28, 2021




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  • Added Creator Takehiro Iwatsuki
  • Added Creator Mark P. Otten
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