Bedrock fracture density controls on hillslope erodibility in steep, rocky landscapes with patchy soil cover, southern California, USA

Although many steep landscapes comprise a patchwork of soil-mantled and bare-bedrock hillslopes, models typically assume hillslopes are entirely soil-mantled or bare-bedrock, making it challenging to predict how rock properties influence hillslope erodibility and landscape evolution. Here, we study headwater catchments across the San Gabriel Mountains (SGM) and Northern San Jacinto Mountains (NSJM) in southern California; two steep landscapes with similar climate and lithology, but with distinctly different bedrock fracture densities, ∼5× higher in the SGM. We combine new and published detrital in-situ cosmogenic 10Be-derived erosion rates with analysis of high resolution imagery and topography to quantify how the morphology and abundance of bare-bedrock and soil-mantled hillslopes vary with erosion rate within and between the two landscapes. For similar mean hillslope angles (35-46°), catchments in the NSJM erode at rates of 0.1-0.6 m kyr−1, compared to 0.2-2.2 m kyr−1 in the SGM. In both landscapes, bare-bedrock hillslopes increase in abundance with increasing erosion rate; however, more and steeper bedrock is exposed in the NSJM, indicating that wider bedrock fracture spacing reduces soil production efficiency and supports steeper cliffs. Additionally, higher erosion rates in the SGM require a 3× higher soil transport efficiency, reflecting an indirect control of bedrock fracture density on the size of sediment armoring hillslopes. Our data highlight how hillslope morphodynamics in steep landscapes depend on the strength of soil and bedrock and the efficiency of soil production and transport, all of which are variably sensitive to rock properties and influence the partitioning of soil and bare-bedrock on hillslopes.

Files

Metadata

Work Title Bedrock fracture density controls on hillslope erodibility in steep, rocky landscapes with patchy soil cover, southern California, USA
Access
Open Access
Creators
  1. Alexander Neely
Keyword
  1. fracture
  2. hillslope
  3. cliffs
  4. soil
  5. erosion rate
  6. san gabriel
  7. san jacinto
License Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Work Type Article
Acknowledgments
  1. national science foundation geomorphology land use dynamics
  2. earth planetary science letters
Publisher
  1. Earth and Planetary Science Letters
Publication Date 2019
Subject
  1. geomorphology
Language
  1. english
Publisher Identifier (DOI)
  1. doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2019.06.011
Geographic Area
  1. california
Source
  1. Neely, A.B., DiBiase, R.A., Corbett, L.B., Bierman, P.R., and Caffee, M.W., 2019. Bedrock fracture density controls on hillslope erodibility in steep, rocky landscapes with patchy soil cover, southern California, USA, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 522, p. 186-197, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2019.06.011
Deposited December 11, 2020

Versions

Analytics

Collections

This resource is currently not in any collection.

Work History

Version 1
published

  • Created
  • Updated Acknowledgments Show Changes
    Acknowledgments
    • national science foundation geomorphology land use dynamics
  • Added Creator Alexander Neely
  • Added Neely_SoCal_rock_exposure_190604_LBC_PRB_MWC_ABN_RAD.pdf
  • Updated Acknowledgments, License Show Changes
    Acknowledgments
    • national science foundation geomorphology land use dynamics
    • national science foundation geomorphology land use dynamics, earth planetary science letters
    License
    • https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
  • Published