Job resources and employee engagement: A cross-national study

Purpose - In light of increasing globalization of workforces, the purpose of this paper is to explore the moderating effect of country on the relationship between job resources and employee engagement. Design/methodology/approach - Questionnaire responses from 19,260 employees of a large multinational financial services corporation in Mexico, the Netherlands, and the USA are analyzed using regression analyses and a study of effect sizes. Findings - The results show that certain job resources (financial rewards, team climate, participation in decision making) positively influence engagement in all three countries. However, the study also shows distinctions between the strength of relationships between these job resources and engagement per country which are explained through cross-cultural theorizing. Research limitations/implications - National-level variations in relationships between job resources and employee engagement are evidenced, and these can be explained to a considerable extent by applying a cross-cultural theoretical lens. Practical implications - The study highlights the importance for firms to be aware of and learn from the equivalence of constructs and their relationships across countries: although similar relationships were observed across the three countries studied here, the differences may be sufficient to require alternate approaches to appropriate job resources to engender engagement. Originality/value - Although there has been considerable empirical investigation into the relationship between job resources and engagement, little has focussed on different national settings simultaneously.

The version of record is available at The full citation is as follows: [Job resources and employee engagement: a cross-national study. Journal of Managerial Psychology 30, 5 p610-626 (2015)]. 'This author accepted manuscript is deposited under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC) licence. This means that anyone may distribute, adapt, and build upon the work for non-commercial purposes, subject to full attribution. If you wish to use this manuscript for commercial purposes, please contact'



Work Title Job resources and employee engagement: A cross-national study
Open Access
  1. Elaine Farndale
  2. Inge Murrer
License CC BY-NC 4.0 (Attribution-NonCommercial)
Work Type Article
  1. Journal of Managerial Psychology
Publication Date July 6, 2015
Publisher Identifier (DOI)
Deposited September 12, 2023




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  • Created
  • Added Author_accepted_JMP_EE.pdf
  • Added Creator Elaine Farndale
  • Added Creator Inge Murrer
  • Published
  • Deleted Author_accepted_JMP_EE.pdf
  • Added Author accepted JMP EE.pdf
  • Updated