Information, ideas, and diseases, or more generally, contagions, spread over space and time through individual transmissions via social networks, as well as through external sources. A detailed picture of any diffusion process can be achieved only when both a good network structure and individual diffusion pathways are obtained. The advent of rich social, media and locational data allows us to study and model this diffusion process in more detail than previously possible. Nevertheless, how information, ideas or diseases are propagated through the network as an overall process is difficult to trace. This propagation is continuous over space and time, where individual transmissions occur at different rates via complex, latent connections.\par To tackle this challenge, a probabilistic spatiotemporal algorithm for network diffusion (STAND) is developed based on the survival model in this research. Both time and spatial distance are used as explanatory variables to simulate the diffusion process over two different network structures. The aim is to provide a more detailed measure of how different contagions are transmitted through various networks where nodes are geographic places at a large scale.
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|July 20, 2019