Increasing Human Papillomavirus Vaccination Rates through a Multimedia Intervention

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection. Infection with HPV has been associated with the development of genital warts, cervical cancer, and cancer of the anus, vulva, vagina, penis, rectum, and oropharynx. For the past decade, a vaccine has been available to prevent several strains of HPV. Ideally, the vaccine is given prior to one’s sexual debut, and therefore during adolescence. HPV vaccine coverage rates continue to lag well behind other adolescent vaccines such as the tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis booster and the meningococcal vaccine. This project addressed the poor HPV vaccine coverage rates through a multimedia program intervention implemented in a large primary care practice. Eligible patients were identified using an algorithm based on current immunization guidelines. Of 479 patients screened, 43 participants consented and completed the project protocol. Outcomes were measured using pre-test and post-test assessments and a review of the electronic health record. Vaccine uptake among participants was not significantly different from the overall rate of vaccine uptake among eligible patients practice-wide prior to implementation (z = -0.24, p = 0.808); however, participants’ intent to vaccinate was statistically significantly higher after viewing the multimedia program. Most participants indicated that the program was “very informative” regarding the HPV vaccine and HPV-related disease. The majority felt the section on frequently asked questions was the most informative. Evidence was generated to support a multimedia intervention approach. This multimedia program can be implemented and sustained on a larger scale.

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Work Title Increasing Human Papillomavirus Vaccination Rates through a Multimedia Intervention
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Penn State
Creators
  1. Allyson K. Favuzza
Keyword
  1. human papillomavirus
  2. multimedia
  3. DNP Project
  4. immunizations
  5. vaccine
  6. nursing
License All rights reserved
Work Type Project
Acknowledgments
  1. Sandra Halbruner, D.N.P, CRNP
  2. Judith E. Hupcey, Ed.D, CRNP, FAAN
  3. Kelly A. Wolgast, D.N.P., RN, FACHE, FAAN
Publication Date 04/16/2018
Language
  1. English
DOI doi:10.18113/S1RS7X
Deposited April 16, 2018

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