A Safety Study on Educators of Technological and Engineering Design-Based Instruction in K-12 STEM Related Courses

Fostering experiential learning experiences that allow students to apply their design thinking skills is important for developing technological and engineering (T&E) literacy. However, K-12 schools must ensure that educators providing these experiential T&E experiences are adequately prepared and supported to maintain a safer teaching and learning environment. Therefore, this study examined the safety characteristics of 191 K-12 educators from the northeastern United States (U.S.) who were teaching core T&E disciplinary standards and practices within various science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) contexts. Analyses revealed there was a significantly higher proportion of accident occurrences in northeastern STEM related classes compared to other regions of the U.S. Further analyses identified 10 risk factors that were significantly associated with increased accident occurrences, and two protective factors that were significantly associated with decreased accident occurrences. Moreover, there were significant differences in the types of safety training completed by educators in the northeast compared to educators from other regions of the U.S. Taking all of this into account, it was discovered that when controlling for significant safety risk safety protective factors, and completion of undergraduate coursework that covered safety topics, the odds of an accident occurrence decreased by 83%. This research has the potential to assist educators, administrators, school systems, state education departments, teacher preparation programs, and others with identifying safety areas of concern to provide safer T&E teaching and learning experiences. Additionally, this research could inform efforts to help students develop safer habits, which they will carry into higher education programs and the workplace.

This published version of this article is available online and open access at https://doi.org/10.21061/jte.632



Work Title A Safety Study on Educators of Technological and Engineering Design-Based Instruction in K-12 STEM Related Courses
Open Access
  1. Tyler S. Love
  2. Mark D. Threeton
  3. Kenneth R. Roy
  1. Laboratory safety
  2. Technology and engineering education
  3. Integrated STEM education
  4. Experiential learning
  5. Safety training
  6. Risk management
License CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 (Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives)
Work Type Article
  1. Journal of Technology Education
Publication Date January 29, 2024
  1. STEM education
Publisher Identifier (DOI)
  1. https://doi.org/10.21061/jte.632
Geographic Area
  1. United States
Related URLs
Deposited February 29, 2024




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Work History

Version 1

  • Created
  • Updated
  • Added Creator Tyler Love
  • Added Creator Mark D Threeton
  • Added Creator Kenneth Roy
  • Added JTE Love Threeton Roy 2024 Accepted Version.pdf
  • Updated License Show Changes
    • https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
  • Published
  • Updated Keyword, Publisher, Publication Date Show Changes
    • Laboratory safety, Technology and Engineering Education, Integrated STEM Education, Experiential Learning, Safety Training, Risk Management
    • Laboratory safety, Technology and engineering education, Integrated STEM education, Experiential learning, Safety training, Risk management
    • Virginia Tech
    • Journal of Technology Education
    Publication Date
    • 2024-01
    • 2024-01-29
  • Renamed Creator Tyler S. Love Show Changes
    • Tyler Love
    • Tyler S. Love
  • Renamed Creator Mark D. Threeton Show Changes
    • Mark D Threeton
    • Mark D. Threeton
  • Renamed Creator Kenneth R. Roy Show Changes
    • Kenneth Roy
    • Kenneth R. Roy
  • Updated