An automated system for 3D printing functionally graded concrete-based materials

In recent years, the interest in developing additive manufacturing (AM) technologies in the architecture, engineering and construction (AEC) industry has increased, motivated by the potential to support greater formal complexity. In this context, AM has been largely used to design and fabricate physical parts with homogeneous materials. This paper proposes a new strategy, aimed at the design and fabrication of functionally graded concrete parts with specific thermo-mechanical performance. The paper describes the development of the AM system to materialize such parts. The computational tool developed to design the material to meet specific performance requirements, and the design and testing of the material are described elsewhere. A functionally graded concrete part obtained by replacing sand with cork was produced and is evaluated.

© This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license



Work Title An automated system for 3D printing functionally graded concrete-based materials
Open Access
  1. Flávio Craveiro
  2. Shadi Nazarian
  3. Helena Bartolo
  4. Paulo Jorge Bartolo
  5. José Pinto Duarte
License CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 (Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives)
Work Type Article
  1. Elsevier BV
Publication Date May 2020
Publisher Identifier (DOI)
  1. 10.1016/j.addma.2020.101146
  1. Additive Manufacturing
Deposited September 09, 2021




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Work History

Version 1

  • Created
  • Added Body+text_Jan+12+2020_everything-1.docx
  • Added Creator Flávio Craveiro
  • Added Creator Shadi Nazarian
  • Added Creator Helena Bartolo
  • Added Creator Paulo Jorge Bartolo
  • Added Creator José Pinto Duarte
  • Published
  • Updated
  • Updated
  • Updated