Sex Differences in Academic Rank, Scholarly Productivity, National Institutes of Health Funding, and Industry Ties Among Academic Cornea Specialists in the United States

Purpose: This study analyzed sex differences among cornea specialists with regards to academic rank, scholarly productivity, National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding, and industry partnerships. Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: This was a study of faculty at 113 US academic programs. Sex, residency graduation year, and academic rank were collected from institutional websites between January and March 2019. H-indices and m-quotients were collected from the Scopus database. The NIH Research Portfolio Online Reporting Tool and Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services databases were queried for data on NIH funding and industry partnerships. Results: Of the 440 cornea specialists identified, 131 (29.8%) were female. The proportions of females and males at each academic rank (assistant 69.5% vs 41.8%; associate 17.6% vs 21.0%; full professor 13.0% vs 37.2%) were not significant after adjusting for career duration (P = .083,. 459, and. 113, respectively). Females had significantly lower median h-indices (4.0 [interquartile range {IQR} 7.0] vs 11.0 [IQR 17.0], P < .001) and shorter median career duration (12.0 [IQR 11.0] vs. 25.0 [IQR 20.0] years, P < .001) than males but similar median m-quotients (0.5 [IQR 0.8] vs 0.5 [IQR 0.8], P = 1.00). Sex differences in h-indices were not seen at each academic rank or career duration interval. Among NIH-funded investigators, the median grant funding was $1.6M (IQR $2.2M) for females and $1.2M (IQR $4.6M, P =. 853) for males. Overall, 25.5% of females and 58.6% of males (P =. 600) had industry partnerships. Conclusion: Sex differences within academic ranks and h-indices are likely due to a smaller proportion of females with advanced career duration.

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Metadata

Work Title Sex Differences in Academic Rank, Scholarly Productivity, National Institutes of Health Funding, and Industry Ties Among Academic Cornea Specialists in the United States
Access
Open Access
Creators
  1. Mckenzee Chiam
  2. Mona L. Camacci
  3. Erik B. Lehman
  4. Michael C. Chen
  5. Gargi K. Vora
  6. Seth M. Pantanelli
License In Copyright (Rights Reserved)
Work Type Article
Publisher
  1. American Journal of Ophthalmology
Publication Date February 1, 2021
Publisher Identifier (DOI)
  1. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajo.2020.09.011
Deposited November 17, 2021

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Version 1
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  • Created
  • Added Manuscript_v2020-08-27_.docx
  • Added Figure_1.tif
  • Added Figure_2.tif
  • Added Figure_3.tif
  • Added Table.docx
  • Added Creator Mckenzee Chiam
  • Added Creator Mona L. Camacci
  • Added Creator Erik B. Lehman
  • Added Creator Michael C. Chen
  • Added Creator Gargi K. Vora
  • Added Creator Seth M. Pantanelli
  • Published
  • Updated
  • Updated