The Effect of Family Background and Parental Expectations on Eighth Graders’ Academic Achievement in Rural and Urban China

Extensive research has suggested that there is a large rural-urban student achievement gap in China. However, less is known about the effects of family background and parental expectations on student achievement. Using a large representative sample of Chinese eighth graders, this study examines these relationships. We find that: (1) Rather than a rural/urban hukou (household registration system) type, it is variation in family background, especially family socioeconomic status (SES), which plays a significant role in student achievement; (2) although factors of family background show different patterns of influence on Chinese, mathematics, and English achievement, maternal education and home educational resources are significantly positive predictors consistently across three subjects; (3) parental expectations are significantly and positively associated with Chinese, mathematics, and English achievement.

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Work Title The Effect of Family Background and Parental Expectations on Eighth Graders’ Academic Achievement in Rural and Urban China
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Open Access
Creators
  1. Jiehui Zhao
  2. Katerina Bodovski
License In Copyright (Rights Reserved)
Work Type Article
Publisher
  1. Frontiers of Education in China
Publication Date December 1, 2020
Publisher Identifier (DOI)
  1. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11516-020-0030-8
Deposited July 21, 2021

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