Metaphors from perception and culture

Applying conceptual metaphor theory, this study aims to discuss how metaphors emerge from the interaction between perceptual experience and cultural environment, comparing English and Chinese. The kind of metaphors under study is rooted in the object image schema, particularly in its dimension in solidity with bipolar values as hard and soft. Specifically, these are primary metaphors grounded in experiential correlations in manipulating physical objects that are hard or soft. It is argued that the similarities and differences between English and Chinese in such metaphorical mappings can be accounted for by four main meaning focuses consisting in four pairs of parametric variables: more or less effort, more or less impact, more or less strength, and more or less flexibility. These parametric variables determine metaphorical mapping pathways from hard and soft as source concepts to some abstract target concepts.



Work Title Metaphors from perception and culture
Subtitle The case of solidity
Open Access
  1. Ning Yu
  1. Primary metaphor
  2. Object image schema
  3. Tactile experience
  4. Solidity
  5. Hard and soft
  6. Main meaning focus
License In Copyright (Rights Reserved)
Work Type Article
  1. Cognitive Linguistic Studies
Publication Date November 17, 2023
Publisher Identifier (DOI)
Deposited February 18, 2024




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Work History

Version 1

  • Created
  • Added Yu-2023_Perception___Culture_Solidity.pdf
  • Added Creator Ning Yu
  • Published
  • Updated Work Title, Keyword, Subtitle Show Changes
    Work Title
    • Metaphors from perception and culture The case of solidity
    • Metaphors from perception and culture
    • Primary metaphor, Object image schema, Tactile experience, Solidity, Hard and soft, Main meaning focus
    • The case of solidity
  • Updated

Version 2

  • Created
  • Added Yu-Metaphors from Perception and Culture-Revision Clean.pdf
  • Deleted Yu-2023_Perception___Culture_Solidity.pdf
  • Published
  • Updated