Bio-inspired inverted landing strategy in a small aerial robot using policy gradient
Landing upside down on a ceiling is challenging as it requires a flier to invert its body and land against the gravity, a process that demands a stringent spatiotemporal coordination of body translational and rotational motion. Although such an aerobatic feat is routinely performed by biological fliers such as flies, it is not yet achieved in aerial robots using onboard sensors. This work describes the development of a bio-inspired inverted landing strategy using computationally efficient Relative Retinal Expansion Velocity (RREV) as a visual cue. This landing strategy consists of a sequence of two motions, i.e. an upward acceleration and a rapid angular maneuver. A policy search algorithm is applied to optimize the landing strategy and improve its robustness by learning the transition timing between the two motions and the magnitude of the target body angular velocity. Simulation results show that the aerial robot is able to achieve robust inverted landing, and it tends to exploit its maximal maneuverability. In addition to the computational aspects of the landing strategy, the robustness of landing is also significantly dependent on the mechanical design of the landing gear, the upward velocity at the start of body rotation, and timing of rotor shutdown.
|Work Title||Bio-inspired inverted landing strategy in a small aerial robot using policy gradient|
|License||In Copyright (Rights Reserved)|
|Work Type||Conference Proceeding|
|Publication Date||February 10, 2021|
|Publisher Identifier (DOI)||
|Deposited||January 24, 2023|
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