Parent-to-child aggression, intimate partner aggression, conflict resolution, and children’s social–emotional competence in early childhood

Early childhood is critical to the development of children's social–emotional competence, which predicts peer relations and school adjustment in later periods of childhood. The effects of experiencing or witnessing aggression on children's social–emotional development are well known, yet the role of conflict resolution within the family has not been sufficiently studied. Social information processing models suggests that children who experience positive forms of conflict resolution within the family are likely to generalize these experiences and related skills outside the family, and thus develop greater social–emotional competence. In this longitudinal study, 128 parents (representing 79 families) participated in four quarterly telephone interviews in which they described aggressive conflicts that occurred in their family for which their children were present, including the degree to which each conflict was resolved. They also reported on the frequency of intimate partner aggression (IPA) and parent-to-child aggression (PCA) that occurred while the child was in toddlerhood and preschool as well as children's social–emotional competence at the end of the study. Multi-level models reveal that parents’ reports of positive conflict resolution mitigated the concurrent and longitudinal negative effects of children's exposure to both IPA and PCA on their social–emotional competence. These findings reinforce prevention scientists’ emphasis on conflict resolution skills as an essential component of parent education programs.

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Work Title Parent-to-child aggression, intimate partner aggression, conflict resolution, and children’s social–emotional competence in early childhood
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Open Access
Creators
  1. Jin-kyung Lee
  2. Amy D. Marshall
  3. MARK E FEINBERG
Keyword
  1. Abuse, Family violence, Socioemotional competence, Family conflict, Interparental aggression
License CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 (Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives)
Work Type Article
Publication Date 2021
Publisher Identifier (DOI)
  1. DOI: 10.1111/famp.12701
Deposited August 12, 2022

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  • Added Creator Jin-kyung Lee
  • Added Creator Amy D. Marshall
  • Added Creator MARK E FEINBERG
  • Added Lee et al. Parent to Child Aggression 2021.pdf
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    Work Title
    • Parent-to- child aggression, intimate partner aggression, conflict resolution, and children’s social–emotional competence in early childhood
    • Parent-to-child aggression, intimate partner aggression, conflict resolution, and children’s social–emotional competence in early childhood
    License
    • https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
  • Published