Ethical dilemmas of youth participatory action research in a democratic setting

This article discusses ethical issues involved in facilitating the research of young people on controversial issues. This article considers the potential ethical dilemmas of teachers facilitating a particular form of activism–youth participatory action research (YPAR). We consider how teachers foster school-wide conversations on difficult issues and support students who wish to take a critical stand on issues of race, class and gender. The article also discusses how to scaffold the exploration of topics that require emotional maturity and might lead to shifts in beliefs that run counter to the values of one’s family.

This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in International Journal of Inclusive Education on 2017-03-04, available online:



Work Title Ethical dilemmas of youth participatory action research in a democratic setting
Open Access
  1. Dana Mitra
  2. Paul McCormick
  1. Student participation
  2. Student voice
  3. Youth Participatory Action Research
  4. Democratic school
  5. Research ethics
License CC BY-NC 4.0 (Attribution-NonCommercial)
Work Type Article
  1. International Journal of Inclusive Education
Publication Date January 24, 2017
Publisher Identifier (DOI)
Deposited March 01, 2024




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Work History

Version 1

  • Created
  • Added Mitra_and_McCormick_IJIE__8_25_16.doc
  • Added Creator Dana Mitra
  • Added Creator Paul McCormick
  • Published
  • Updated Keyword, Publication Date Show Changes
    • Student participation, Student voice, Youth Participatory Action Research, Democratic school, Research ethics
    Publication Date
    • 2017-03-04
    • 2017-01-24
  • Updated