Development and validation or the Reasons Individuals Stop Eating Questionnaire (RISE-Q): A novel tool to characterize satiation

A variety of factors can influence satiation, and individual differences in reasons for meal 2 termination may help to explain variability in food intake and susceptibility to overconsumption. 3 We developed and validated a questionnaire to characterize the Reasons Individuals Stop 4 Eating (RISE-Q). The initial RISE-Q was created by reviewing the published literature and 5 identifying 47 reasons why individuals might stop eating. The RISE-Q asks respondents to rate 6 how often each reason influences why they stop eating at a typical dinner meal by using a 7 seven-point scale. Adults (N=477, 77% women) from a participant database completed a survey 8 online that included the initial RISE-Q and the satiation-related Satiety Responsiveness and 9 Food Responsiveness scales of the Adult Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (AEBQ). Self-10 reported height and weight were collected to calculate body mass index (BMI). The survey also 11 assessed self-reported typical meal size. After factor analysis, the RISE-Q retained 31 items 12 and identified five distinct scales of reasons for stopping eating: Decreased Food Appeal 13 (mean±SD: 2.6±0.05, Cronbach’s α=0.89), Physical Satisfaction (5.0±0.04, α=0.85), Planned 14 Amount (4.4±0.05, α=0.82), Self-Consciousness (2.4±0.05, α=0.88), and Decreased Priority of 15 Eating (2.3±0.04, α=0.69). Thus, the most frequently reported reasons for meal termination 16 were related to Physical Satisfaction and Planned Amount. Each RISE-Q scale was significantly 17 correlated with at least one of the satiation-related AEBQ scales, suggesting that the RISE-Q 18 has construct validity. RISE-Q scales were also correlated with BMI and measures of typical 19 meal size. The RISE-Q provides a novel tool to assess differences across individuals in 20 reported reasons for eating cessation. The RISE-Q can aid in further understanding risk factors 21 for overconsumption and has potential clinical utility in the design of targeted weight-22 management interventions.



Work Title Development and validation or the Reasons Individuals Stop Eating Questionnaire (RISE-Q): A novel tool to characterize satiation
Open Access
  1. Paige M Cunningham
  2. L Roe
  3. J E Hayes
  4. Marion M Hetherington
  5. K Loralee Keller
  6. Barbara J Rolls
License CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 (Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives)
Work Type Article
  1. Appetite
Publication Date January 15, 2021
Publisher Identifier (DOI)
Deposited November 15, 2021




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Work History

Version 1

  • Created
  • Added RISE-Q_2021_-_accepted_manuscript.pdf
  • Added Creator Paige M Cunningham
  • Added Creator L Roe
  • Added Creator J E Hayes
  • Added Creator Marion M Hetherington
  • Added Creator K Loralee Keller
  • Added Creator Barbara J Rolls
  • Published
  • Updated
  • Updated