Modelling dementia in Drosophila uncovers shared and specific targets of TDP-43 proteinopathy across ALS and FTD relevant circuits
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and fronto-temporal dementia (FTD) comprise a spectrum of neurodegenerative diseases linked to TDP-43 proteinopathy, which at the cellular level, is characterized by loss of nuclear TDP-43 and accumulation of cytoplasmic TDP-43 puncta that ultimately cause RNA processing defects including dysregulation of splicing, mRNA transport and translation. Complementing our previous models of ALS, here we report a novel model of FTD based on overexpression of TDP-43 in the Drosophila mushroom body (MB) circuit. This model recapitulates several aspects of FTD pathology including age dependent neuronal loss, and nuclear depletion and cytoplasmic accumulation of TDP-43, accompanied by behavioral deficits in working memory and sleep that occur before axonal degeneration ensues. RNA immunoprecipitations identify several candidate mRNA targets of TDP-43 in MBs, some of which are unique to the MB circuit while others are shared with motor neurons. Among the latter is the glypican Dally-like-protein (Dlp), a modulator of Wg/Wnt signaling. Using genetic interactions we show that overexpression of Dlp in MBs mitigates TDP-43 dependent working memory deficits. These results highlight the utility of modelling TDP-43 proteinopathy in Drosophila and provide a novel platform for studying the molecular mechanisms underlying FTD, and potentially uncovering shared and circuit specific vulnerabilities in ALS/FTD.
|Modelling dementia in Drosophila uncovers shared and specific targets of TDP-43 proteinopathy across ALS and FTD relevant circuits
|Data summary files for Godfrey et al "Modelling dementia in Drosophila uncovers shared and specific targets of TDP-43 proteinopathy across ALS and FTD relevant circuits "
|In Copyright (Rights Reserved)
|April 4, 2023
|November 03, 2022
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