Using Manufacturing Simulations to Evaluate Metacognitive Awareness in Industrial Engineering Students

Metacognition is the process of “thinking about thinking” such that individuals learn methods to understand the way that they learn, what they are lacking in their current learning strategies, and how to improve. Metacognition is an important dimension of problem solving because it allows problem solvers to analyze problems and find viable solutions. In design and manufacturing, problem solving focuses on optimizing the product design and improving the production process. In this paper, we discuss the development of physical simulation games to evaluate metacognitive awareness in industrial engineering students. In order to develop metacognitive awareness, students participate in group manufacturing simulations and each group evaluate the work of other groups. Metacognitive awareness inventory (MAI) is used to evaluate the metacognitive awareness of the students before and after their participation in the simulation activities. MAI is an instrument designed to assess general self-regulated learning skills. The instrument has 52 items that are classified by type of cognitive knowledge: declarative (DK), procedural (PK), and conditional (CK); or by specific metacognitive process: planning (P), information management strategies (IMS), monitoring (M), debugging strategies (DS), and evaluation (E). Results show that the students improved their metacognitive awareness for all the MAI categories. However, only the improvement in the last three categories (i.e., M, DS, and E) was statistically significant.



Work Title Using Manufacturing Simulations to Evaluate Metacognitive Awareness in Industrial Engineering Students
Penn State
  1. Faisal Aqlan
  2. Heather Lum
  3. Lisa Jo Elliott
  4. Richard Zhao
  1. metacognition
  2. simulation
  3. education
License All rights reserved
Work Type Conference Proceeding
Deposited September 05, 2019




This resource is currently not in any collection.

Work History

Version 1

  • Created
  • Added 2019asee-Simulation.pdf
  • Added Creator Faisal Aqlan
  • Added Creator Heather Lum
  • Added Creator Lisa Jo Elliott
  • Added Creator Richard Zhao
  • Published