Trait self-acceptance mediates parental childhood abuse predicting depression and anxiety symptoms in adulthood

BACKGROUND: Biopsychosocial models posit that experiencing parental childhood abuse increases vulnerability to psychopathology in adulthood. There is a lack of studies investigating mediators of the parental childhood abuse–adulthood psychopathology relation. The current study investigated if trait self-acceptance mediated the parental childhood abuse–adulthood major depressive disorder (MDD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and panic disorder (PD) severity relations. METHODS: Participants (n=3,294) partook in the 18-year Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS) study at three time-points. We conducted structural equation modeling analyses to test how maternal and paternal childhood abuse at Time 1 would independently positively predict MDD, GAD, and PD severity at Time 3 and if self-acceptance at Time 2, mediated those relations while controlling for adulthood MDD, GAD, and PD severity at Time 1. RESULTS: Self-acceptance notably mediated the parental childhood abuseadulthood MDD, GAD, and PD relations. Overall, higher paternal and maternal childhood abuse was associated with lower self-acceptance. Reduced self-acceptance predicted heightened adulthood MDD, GAD, and PD. CONCLUSION: Findings highlight the importance of understanding the parental childhood abuse–adulthood psychopathology relation and the possible mechanisms of its long-term impact.

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Work Title Trait self-acceptance mediates parental childhood abuse predicting depression and anxiety symptoms in adulthood
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Open Access
Creators
  1. Drishti Sanghvi
  2. Nur Hani Zainal
  3. Michelle G Newman
Keyword
  1. Parental childhood abuse
  2. Depression
  3. Anxiety
  4. Self-acceptance
  5. Longitudinal
  6. Structural equation modeling
License In Copyright (Rights Reserved)
Work Type Article
Publisher
  1. Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Publication Date February 1, 2023
Publisher Identifier (DOI)
  1. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2023.102673
Deposited February 17, 2023

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  • Added Sanghvi-in_p-Trait_self-acceptance_mediates_p1.pdf
  • Added Creator Drishti Sanghvi
  • Added Creator Nur Hani Zainal
  • Added Creator Michelle G Newman
  • Published
  • Updated Work Title, Keyword, Publisher Identifier (DOI) Show Changes
    Work Title
    • Trait self-acceptance mediates parental childhood abuse predicting depression and anxiety symptoms in adulthood.
    • Trait self-acceptance mediates parental childhood abuse predicting depression and anxiety symptoms in adulthood
    Keyword
    • Parental childhood abuse , Depression, Anxiety, Self-acceptance, Longitudinal, Structural equation modeling
    Publisher Identifier (DOI)
    • https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2023.102673