OH Stretching and Libration Bands of Solitary Water in Ionic Liquids and Dipolar Solvents Share a Single Dependence on Solvent Polarity
Ionic liquids are an emerging class of materials which are finding application in a variety of technologically important areas. Because of their hydrophilic character, at least a small concentration of water is often present when ionic liquids are used in practical applications. This study employs infrared spectroscopy in the OH stretching and libration regions together with DFT calculations to better characterize the state of dilute water in ionic liquids. Water mole fractions (xw∼0.1) are chosen such that nearly all water occurs in monomeric form and spectra probe the solvation structure and dynamics of solitary water molecules. New data are reported for a series of 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium liquids [Im21][X] with X-= (C2F5)3F3P-, (CF3SO2)2N-, BF4-, B(CN)4-, CF3SO3-, C2H5SO4-, NO3-, SCN-, and CH3CO2-, as well as for the two 1-hexyl-3-methylimidazolium liquids [Im61][Cl] and [Im61][I]. For comparison, spectra are also recorded in a variety of dipolar solvents, and much of the available literature data are summarized, providing a comprehensive perspective on monomeric water in homogeneous solution. Most prior studies of dilute water in ionic liquids interpreted OH stretching spectra only in terms of water being specifically bonded to two anions in A-···H-O-H···A-type solvates. The more detailed analysis presented here indicates the additional presence of asymmetrically solvated water, which in some cases includes both singly solvated (A-···H-O-H) and more subtle forms of asymmetric solvation. The same pattern of solvation also pertains to dipolar solvents capable of accepting hydrogen bonds from water. No clear distinction is found between OH spectra in high-polarity conventional solvents and ionic liquids. In all solvents, OH frequencies are strongly correlated to measures of solvent basicity or hydrogen bond accepting ability. Far-infrared spectra of the water libration band also show common trends in ionic and dipolar solvents. Despite the different character of the libration and OH modes, the frequencies of these vibrations show virtually the same solvent dependence (apart from sign) except in weakly polar or nonpolar solvents.
|Work Title||OH Stretching and Libration Bands of Solitary Water in Ionic Liquids and Dipolar Solvents Share a Single Dependence on Solvent Polarity|
|License||In Copyright (Rights Reserved)|
|Publication Date||June 23, 2022|
|Publisher Identifier (DOI)||
|Deposited||October 03, 2022|
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