Conviction or diversion and the labeling of first-time DUI offenders

This study examines the sentencing and recidivism of 34,315 first-time DUI offenders in Pennsylvania. Results indicated that individuals processed through accelerated rehabilitative disposition (ARD) rather than a guilty conviction were more likely to be white, female, and older and to have less serious prior records. In terms of recidivism, those receiving ARD were significantly less likely than those found guilty to be rearrested within 4 years. Results also showed the effects of contingent labeling, in that ARD reduced recidivism for females and minorities, possibly because they did not suffer from the cumulative disadvantage of being labeled a criminal. These findings suggest that diversion programs could be used with first-time DUI offenders, even males and whites, without a consequent increase in recidivism. Moreover, the study provides support for diversionary programs for demographic groups (women and minorities) who may be disproportionately affected by a permanent criminal label.

This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Justice Quarterly on 2019-04-27, available online:



Work Title Conviction or diversion and the labeling of first-time DUI offenders
Open Access
  1. Lauren K. Knoth
  2. R. Barry Ruback
License CC BY-NC 4.0 (Attribution-NonCommercial)
Work Type Article
  1. Informa UK Limited
Publication Date April 27, 2019
Publisher Identifier (DOI)
  1. 10.1080/07418825.2019.1597915
  1. Justice Quarterly
Deposited June 15, 2022




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Work History

Version 1

  • Created
  • Added DUI.Sentencing..Recidivism.2018.RevisedManuscript.9.20Final-1.docx
  • Added Creator Lauren K. Knoth
  • Added Creator R. Barry Ruback
  • Published