Gender and Selection During the Holocaust: Transports of Western European Jews to the East

This paper examines the impact of gender on decisions that military, police, and bureaucrats made in selection of western European Jews for deportation venues, on initial treatment at Auschwitz and death camps, and on survival. Examining data collected and made public by Yad Vashem on 1100 transports carrying more than 550,000 Western European Jews to the east, I find that women comprised a majority on most transports and a disproportionate number of those sent to immediate death at Auschwitz. Patterns of gender composition of transports varied over the course of the war and from country to country in significant and mostly predictable ways. Overall survival rates for men were higher than for women based on transports carrying about 210,000 of the 550,000 people.

Files

Metadata

Work Title Gender and Selection During the Holocaust: Transports of Western European Jews to the East
Access
Open Access
Creators
  1. Susan Welch
Keyword
  1. Jews
  2. gender
  3. Holocaust
  4. war
  5. Transports
License All rights reserved
Work Type Article
Publisher
  1. Journal of Genocide Research
Publication Date May 12, 2020
Publisher Identifier (DOI)
  1. https://doi.org/10.1080/14623528.2020.1764743
Deposited October 23, 2020

Versions

Analytics

Collections

This resource is currently not in any collection.

Work History

Version 1
published

  • Created
  • Added Susan_Welch_Gender_and_Selection_during.pdf
  • Added Creator Susan Welch
  • Published
  • Updated
  • Updated