Profiles of dysregulation moderate the impact of preschool teacher-student relationships on elementary school functioning.

Children’s readiness to handle the expectations of elementary school depends heavily on their self-regulation skills. Self-regulation includes both cognitive and behavioral elements; however, past studies have typically looked at cognitive and behavioral self-regulation in isolation or as a composite score rather than examining self-regulation profiles. Conceptually, a profile characterized by pervasive cognitive and behavioral self-regulation difficulties may have different developmental roots than a profile limited to behavioral regulation difficulties and children displaying these different profiles likely require different intervention supports. In the current study, latent profile analysis (LPA) with cognitive and behavioral self-regulation indicators revealed four unique self-regulation profiles for preschool children (N=566): Pervasive Dysregulation (cognitively and behaviorally dysregulated), Behavioral Dysregulation (behaviorally dysregulated only), Average Self-Regulation, and High Self-Regulation. Latent moderational analyses testing the interaction between latent profile membership and preschool teacher-student relationship indicated that while both the Pervasive and Behavioral Dysregulation group were at increased risk for less desirable kindergarten and 2nd grade outcomes, this risk was offset to a greater extant for children from the Behavioral Dysregulation profile when they experienced a close, non-conflictual teacher-student relationship in preschool.

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Work Title Profiles of dysregulation moderate the impact of preschool teacher-student relationships on elementary school functioning.
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Open Access
Creators
  1. B Bayly
  2. Karen Bierman
License In Copyright (Rights Reserved)
Work Type Article
Publisher
  1. Early Education and Development
Publication Date January 1, 2021
Publisher Identifier (DOI)
  1. https://doi.org/10.1080/10409289.2020.1865785
Deposited July 26, 2022

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  • Added Creator Karen Bierman
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