Impacts of a Mindfulness-Based Program on Teachers’ Forgiveness

Objectives: Developing the skills to positively manage social transgressions is of particular salience to those in the teaching profession. The Mindfulness-Based Emotional Balance (MBEB) program is a professional development program for K-12 teachers to build mindfulness and related prosocial skills such as empathy, compassion, and forgiveness. The present study assessed the acceptability of the MBEB program and tested whether MBEB was associated with changes in teachers’ forgiveness skills. Methods: Participants included 171 teachers from 3 school districts who were randomized to the MBEB program or waitlist control group. Program attendance was recorded and MBEB teachers reported on the helpfulness of the forgiveness component. Five indices of forgiveness were assessed at pre-program, post-program, and in the fall of the subsequent school year (follow-up). A series of OLS regression models tested whether program condition was associated with the forgiveness outcomes at post-program and follow-up. Results: MBEB teachers attended 90% of sessions, and 70% of MBEB teachers reported the forgiveness component to be helpful or very helpful. In comparison with control teachers, MBEB teachers reported improvements in their efficacy to forgive colleagues and students, tendency to forgive, and situation-specific forgiveness at post-program. Changes in MBEB teachers’ efficacy to forgive colleagues, tendency to forgive, and situation-specific forgiveness were sustained into the fall of the subsequent school year. Conclusions: Significant and sustained improvements in MBEB teachers’ forgiveness skills indicate that teachers, who are actively engaged in a high-stress profession, can benefit from a mindfulness-based program aimed at cultivating prosocial qualities such as forgiveness.



Work Title Impacts of a Mindfulness-Based Program on Teachers’ Forgiveness
Open Access
  1. Summer S. Braun
  2. Sinhae Cho
  3. Blake A. Colaianne
  4. Cynthia Taylor
  5. Margaret Cullen
  6. Robert W. Roeser
  1. Mindfulness-based intervention
  2. Teachers
  3. Forgiveness
  4. Efficacy to forgive
  5. Randomized controlled trial
License In Copyright (Rights Reserved)
Work Type Article
  1. Mindfulness
Publication Date June 16, 2020
Publisher Identifier (DOI)
Deposited July 21, 2022




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Work History

Version 1

  • Created
  • Added Braun_et_al__2020__Teacher_Forgiveness_RCT__read_until_methods_.pdf
  • Added Creator Summer S. Braun
  • Added Creator Sinhae Cho
  • Added Creator Blake A. Colaianne
  • Added Creator Cynthia Taylor
  • Added Creator Margaret Cullen
  • Added Creator Robert W. Roeser
  • Published
  • Updated Keyword, Publication Date Show Changes
    • Mindfulness-based intervention, Teachers, Forgiveness, Efficacy to forgive, Randomized controlled trial
    Publication Date
    • 2020-08-01
    • 2020-06-16