Experimental validation of two constitutive models for numerical simulation on the extrusion of rubber blends

Numerical simulation plays a crucial role in polymer processing. This paper analyzes the extrusion of two rubber blends using the Bird–Carreau viscous model and the Phan-Thien–Tanner (PTT) viscoelastic model. The study found that wall slip phenomena occurred in both rubber blends when the apparent shear stress exceeded the critical value. Under these conditions, the physical parameters of the two constitutive models, along with the wall slip parameters that describe the degree of rubber sliding, were obtained. This information provided a theoretical basis for the numerical simulation of the extrusion process. The PTT model was found to be superior to the Bird–Carreau rheological model in predicting the rheological behavior of die swell, velocity field, and pressure field distribution in the extrusion process of the two rubber blends. Highlights: Based on the numerical simulation analysis of the capillary extrusion process, we designed a more feasible method for fitting the physical parameters of the constitutive equation and parameters of the Navier slip model and established the foundation for the subsequent numerical simulation of extrusion processing. Phan-Thien–Tanner model is proved to be the best candidate for predicting the extrusion of rubber blends with high Mooney viscosity, including die swell, velocity, and pressure distribution. Demonstrates that wall slip is an important factor in rubber extrusion. Combining simulation results with experimental data improves the accuracy and predictability of the simulation.



Work Title Experimental validation of two constitutive models for numerical simulation on the extrusion of rubber blends
Open Access
  1. Ying Zhang
  2. Xuesong Zhang
  3. Minghao Yang
  4. Yongchao Li
  5. Qi Yang
  6. Jiawei Gong
  7. Xueqin Gao
License In Copyright (Rights Reserved)
Work Type Article
  1. Polymer Engineering and Science
Publication Date November 1, 2023
Publisher Identifier (DOI)
  1. https://doi.org/10.1002/pen.26492
Deposited April 01, 2024




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Work History

Version 1

  • Created
  • Added 2023_J_Zhang_ExperimentalValidationTwoConstitutiveModels.pdf
  • Added Creator Ying Zhang
  • Added Creator Xuesong Zhang
  • Added Creator Minghao Yang
  • Added Creator Yongchao Li
  • Added Creator Qi Yang
  • Added Creator Jiawei Gong
  • Added Creator Xueqin Gao
  • Published
  • Updated