A Stress Model of Psychological Contract Violation Among Ethnic Minority Employees

Objectives: Integrating the transactional theory of stress and coping and research on discrimination perception/attribution, we propose a stress model of psychological contract (PC) violation among ethnic minority employees. We argue that ethnic minority employees tend to appraise PC violation as a threat and attribute it to personal ethnic discrimination (as well as low organizational trustworthiness), which in turn leads ethnic minority employees to engage in fear-driven silence as a form of emotion-based withdrawal coping. Methods: We conducted two survey studies (Studies 1 and 2), an experimental study (Study 3), and a supplementary meta-analysis of the three studies. Results: We found support for our model. Ethnic minority employees’ perception of personal ethnic discrimination, rather than their perception of low organizational trustworthiness, translated PC violation to fear-driven silence. Our result patterns remained the same when we controlled for neuroticism and social desirability. Conclusions: By delineating ethnic minorities’ appraisal/attribution of and coping with PC violation, the current research advances the literatures on both PC and ethnic discrimination.



Work Title A Stress Model of Psychological Contract Violation Among Ethnic Minority Employees
Open Access
  1. Dejun Tony Kong
  2. Phillip M. Jolly
  1. ethnic discrimination
  2. silence
  3. coping
  4. stress appraisal
  5. psychological contract
License All rights reserved
Work Type Article
  1. Phillip Jolly
  1. American Psychological Association
Publication Date 2018
  1. English
Publisher Identifier (DOI)
  1. dx.doi.org/10.1037/cdp0000235
Deposited October 24, 2018




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  • Added Creator Dejun Tony Kong
  • Added Creator Phillip M. Jolly
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