Gender, Myths, and Assumptions: Correlates of Risk Perception in Sexual Assault Scenarios

<jats:p> Sexual violence continues to plague college campuses even with the implementation of bystander intervention programs. Previous research has demonstrated that diminished situational risk recognition increases the risk for sexual assault victimization. However, there is a paucity of research comparing men’s and women’s risk perception in sexual assault scenarios, risk perception from a victim or perpetrator perspective, or the role of previous sexual violence history, rape myth acceptance, and world assumptions on sexual risk perception. The current study examined male and female college students’ risk perception while reading a sexual assault scenario. Participants also completed measures of victim and perpetrator blame, rape myth acceptance, and beliefs in a just world. The results suggested that men’s and women’s risk perception is influenced by different rape myths and world assumptions. Specifically, women’s risk perception and victim blame are associated with sexual communication myths and beliefs in the randomness of the world, while men’s risk perception and victim blame are related to the acceptance of myths that women ask for sexual assault and that the world is a just, cruel place. The results call for the incorporation of additional training on how rape myths and world assumptions may impact risk recognition and intervention in sexual assault education. It will also be important to target different barriers to intervention for men and women. /jats:p

Hetzel-Riggin, Gender, Myths, and Assumptions: Correlates of Risk Perception in Sexual Assault Scenarios, 'Journal of Interpersonal Violence' (, ) pp. 088626052110358. Copyright © 2021. DOI: 10.1177/08862605211035867. Users who receive access to an article through a repository are reminded that the article is protected by copyright and reuse is restricted to non-commercial and no derivative uses. Users may also download and save a local copy of an article accessed in an institutional repository for the user's personal reference. For permission to reuse an article, please follow our Process for Requesting Permission.



Work Title Gender, Myths, and Assumptions: Correlates of Risk Perception in Sexual Assault Scenarios
Open Access
  1. Melanie D. Hetzel-Riggin
  2. Shauntey James
  3. Ryan Roby
  4. Theresa J. Buczek
License CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 (Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives)
Work Type Article
  1. SAGE Publications
Publication Date July 30, 2021
Publisher Identifier (DOI)
  1. 10.1177/08862605211035867
  1. Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Deposited January 13, 2022




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Work History

Version 1

  • Created
  • Added REVISED Correlates of Risk Perception Blinded 6-4-21 Accepted Manuscript-1.docx
  • Added Creator Melanie D. Hetzel-Riggin
  • Added Creator Shauntey James
  • Added Creator Ryan Roby
  • Added Creator Theresa J. Buczek
  • Published
  • Updated
  • Updated
  • Updated Creator Melanie D. Hetzel-Riggin
  • Updated