Observations from P/S Amplitude Ratios from Local-Distance Mine Related Seismic Events and Earthquakes in South Africa
Methods to discriminate between earthquakes and explosions using observations from teleseismic and regional distances have been widely investigated. These earlier studies explored discriminant performance using observations from high yield (generally greater than 1 Kt) explosions that were recorded at regional and teleseismic distances. Many discriminants rely on the amplitude ratio of P and S phases, which vary systematically with source type as a result of the strong difference in shear-wave energy between earthquakes and explosions. Recent studies have used a similar strategy to test P/S discriminant performance on smaller, low yield events observed at local distances (<200 km). Shorter distances and higher frequency observations require more scrutiny of path effects, site responses, and source corrections. We use local distance (<25 km) observations from roughly 260 mining related events and aftershocks from the August 5th, 2014 M 5.5 Orkney earthquake within the Klerksdorp gold mining region of South Africa. Event magnitudes range from 1 to 3.5 but include no known explosions, so our focus is on the comparison of P/S ratios for earthquakes and mining-related events. We measure P and S amplitudes across several frequency bands and use the amplitude measurements to construct frequency-dependent propagation and site-amplification models, and estimate P- and S-wave source amplitude/excitation values along with corresponding P/S ratios. We compare the patterns of propagation- and site-corrected ratios from earthquakes and mining-related events and explore the appropriateness of earthquake-based source corrections on local-distance P and S waves from mine-related seismicity.
|Work Title||Observations from P/S Amplitude Ratios from Local-Distance Mine Related Seismic Events and Earthquakes in South Africa|
|License||In Copyright (Rights Reserved)|
|Publication Date||December 2019|
|Deposited||August 30, 2022|
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