Studying Human Responses to Environmental Change: Trends and Trajectories of Archaeological Research

Environmental archaeological enquiry has a long and vibrant history. Many of the same questions have persisted in archaeological dialogues over the past century. In particular, the effects of environmental change on demographic patterns, health, and societal stability are among the most pervasive questions being addressed by anthropological research. These studies have limitations, however. For example, evaluations of the complex relationships between environmental variables and human responses are only just beginning to emerge in anthropological literature. This goal requires high-resolution paleoclimate datasets and the use of quantitative modelling rooted in evolutionary and complex systems theory. This paper serves as a broad review of advances in environmental archaeological enquiry associated with environmental change and human response. I argue that the future of archaeological questions concerning human-environmental connection requires a re-evaluation of causality and the incorporation of complex systems approaches to address human responses to external pressures.

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Work Title Studying Human Responses to Environmental Change: Trends and Trajectories of Archaeological Research
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Open Access
Creators
  1. Dylan Davis
Keyword
  1. climate change
  2. human-environment interactions
  3. environmental modeling
  4. paleoclimate
  5. causality
  6. complex systems
License CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 (Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives)
Work Type Article
Publisher
  1. Taylor & Francis
Publication Date 2020
Publisher Identifier (DOI)
  1. 10.1080/14614103.2019.1639338
Deposited January 25, 2021

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Version 1
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  • Added Creator Dylan Davis
  • Added Davis_2020_ENVI_AV.pdf
  • Updated Publication Date, License Show Changes
    Publication Date
    • 2020
    License
    • https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
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Version 2
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  • Created
  • Updated Publisher Identifier (DOI), Related URLs Show Changes
    Publisher Identifier (DOI)
    • 10.1080/14614103.2019.1639338
    • 10.1080
    Related URLs
    • https://doi.org/10.1080/14614103.2019.1639338
  • Published
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