A Review of ADHD and Childhood Trauma: Treatment Challenges and Clinical Guidance

Purpose of Review: There has been increasing interest about the link between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and childhood trauma. This scoping review highlights the relationship between ADHD and trauma-related disorders across the areas of epidemiology, neurobiology, clinical features, assessment, and treatment. Recent Findings: A bi-directional relationship exists between trauma-related disorders and ADHD, with each predisposing to development of the other, and worsening the severity of the other. There are evidence-based psychosocial interventions for both ADHD and trauma-related disorders. There is evidence to support the use of alpha-2 agonists in both trauma-related disorders and ADHD. Summary: There are significant similarities between these two constructs. The treatment of this co-morbid presentation is complex as it depends on the age of the child, clinical presentation, social support, and available treatment. Distinct evidence-based psychotherapies are effective for each condition. Pharmacological treatments for these conditions should be considered based on symptom profile and associated impairment.

This version of the article has been accepted for publication, after peer review (when applicable) and is subject to Springer Nature’s AM terms of use, but is not the Version of Record and does not reflect post-acceptance improvements, or any corrections. The Version of Record is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40474-022-00256-2



Work Title A Review of ADHD and Childhood Trauma: Treatment Challenges and Clinical Guidance
Open Access
  1. Ramnarine Boodoo
  2. Jasmin Gange Lagman
  3. Banku Jairath
  4. Raman Baweja
License In Copyright (Rights Reserved)
Work Type Article
  1. Current Developmental Disorders Reports
Publication Date October 14, 2022
Publisher Identifier (DOI)
  1. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40474-022-00256-2
Deposited March 29, 2024




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Work History

Version 1

  • Created
  • Added ADHD_and_Trauma_-_Manuscript_-_Final_-_WITH_reviewer_s_suggested_corrections_-_TC_-_Uploaded_to_ScholarSphere.docx
  • Added Creator Ramnarine Boodoo
  • Added Creator Jasmin Gange Lagman
  • Added Creator Banku Jairath
  • Added Creator Raman Baweja
  • Published
  • Updated