Fluctuations in anthropogenic nighttime lights from satellite imagery for five cities in Niger and Nigeria

Abstract: Dynamic measures of human populations are critical for global health management but are often overlooked, largely because they are difficult to quantify. Measuring human population dynamics can be prohibitively expensive in under-resourced communities. Satellite imagery can provide measurements of human populations, past and present, to complement public health analyses and interventions. We used anthropogenic illumination from publicly accessible, serial satellite nighttime images as a quantifiable proxy for seasonal population variation in five urban areas in Niger and Nigeria. We identified population fluxes as the mechanistic driver of regional seasonal measles outbreaks. Our data showed 1) urban illumination fluctuated seasonally, 2) corresponding population fluctuations were sufficient to drive seasonal measles outbreaks, and 3) overlooking these fluctuations during vaccination activities resulted in below-target coverage levels, incapable of halting transmission of the virus. We designed immunization solutions capable of achieving above-target coverage of both resident and mobile populations. Here, we provide detailed data on brightness from 2000-2005 for 5 cities in Niger and Nigeria and detailed methodology for application to other populations.

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Work Title Fluctuations in anthropogenic nighttime lights from satellite imagery for five cities in Niger and Nigeria
Subtitle Data files
Access
Open Access
Creators
  1. Bharti, Nita
Keyword
  1. human movement
  2. disease
  3. satellite
  4. health
  5. Nightlights
  6. seasonal
  7. mobility
License CC0 1.0 Universal
Work Type Dataset
DOI doi:10.18113/S1XH02
Deposited September 27, 2017

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Version 1
published

  • Created
  • Added ntl.cal155.brt.csv
  • Added nightlights.3.mp4
  • Added ntl.code.r
  • Added ntl.niameypixcomm.csv
  • Added ntl.calsmth365.brt.csv
  • Added readme
  • Added Creator Bharti, Nita
  • Published