Ionic Interactions Control the Modulus and Mechanical Properties of Molecular Ionic Composite Electrolytes

Molecular ionic composites (MICs) are a new class of solid electrolytes that combine ionic liquids (ILs) and a rigid-rod double helical polyelectrolyte, poly(2,2′)-disulfonyl-4,4’benzidine terephthalamide (PBDT). In this study, we focus on the mechanical, dielectric, and ion diffusive dynamics of MICs with a fixed PBDT weight percent (10 wt%) and varying IL chemistry and molecular volume (Vm). All six MICs produce tensile moduli in the range of 50 – 500 MPa at 30 °C, up to 60 x higher than the shear moduli of the same MICs. The high range of moduli and tensile: shear modulus ratio emphasizes that the distribution of PBDT chains and the strong ionic interactions between IL ions and PBDT chains dictate the modulus and the mechanical strength in MICs. Additionally, these MICs exhibit high ionic conductivities ranging from 1 – 6 mS cm-1 at 30 °C consistent with the measured diffusion coefficients of the IL ions. The tunability of the extraordinary mechanical properties and high ionic conductivities of MIC electrolytes greatly inspire their use in advanced electrochemical devices.

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Work Title Ionic Interactions Control the Modulus and Mechanical Properties of Molecular Ionic Composite Electrolytes
Access
Open Access
Creators
  1. Joshua E. Bostwick
  2. Curt J. Zanelotti
  3. Deyang Yu
  4. Nicholas F. Pietra
  5. Teague A. Williams
  6. Louis A. Madsen
  7. Ralph H. Colby
Keyword
  1. Polymer electrolyte
  2. Ion gel
  3. Ionic liquid
  4. Rigid-rod polyelectrolyte
  5. Charge transport
License In Copyright (Rights Reserved)
Work Type Article
Publisher
  1. Journal of Materials Chemistry C
Publication Date November 22, 2021
Publisher Identifier (DOI)
  1. https://doi.org/10.1039/D1TC04119C
Deposited June 25, 2023

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Version 1
published

  • Created
  • Updated
  • Added Creator Ralph Colby
  • Added MICfilms.pdf
  • Updated License Show Changes
    License
    • https://rightsstatements.org/page/InC/1.0/
  • Published
  • Updated Keyword, Publisher, Publisher Identifier (DOI), and 1 more Show Changes
    Keyword
    • Polymer electrolyte, Ion gel, Ionic liquid, Rigid-rod polyelectrolyte, Charge transport
    Publisher
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry C
    Publisher Identifier (DOI)
    • https://doi.org/10.1039/D1TC04119C
    Publication Date
    • 2022
    • 2021-11-22
  • Renamed Creator Ralph H. Colby Show Changes
    • Ralph Colby
    • Ralph H. Colby
  • Added Creator Joshua E. Bostwick
  • Added Creator Curt J. Zanelotti
  • Added Creator Deyang Yu
  • Added Creator Nicholas F. Pietra
  • Added Creator Teague A. Williams
  • Added Creator Louis A. Madsen
  • Updated