Barriers to sustaining customer participation in hospital-based farmers’ markets: Insights from employees

92 farmers’ markets are located on hospital campuses in the United States but no known studies have evaluated factors influencing employee use of on-site markets. We examine modifiable barriers that reduced employee participation in a hospital-based market at Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center. 360 employees of Hershey Medical Center who used a weekly on-site seasonal market less than twice annually were sent an online survey, and frequency of response data were analyzed. Most frequently referenced barriers to participation were: location/access to the market, personal work schedules, cost of market products, and hours of operation, while top perceived benefits were support of local agriculture, health benefits, atmosphere/environment, and affordability. Hospital markets using value-based marketing campaigns to promote local economic and individual health benefits of participation, maximize convenience and access, and incentivize attendance are likely to sustain employee participation. These modifiable features may be relevant to worksite markets in diverse regions.


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Work Title Barriers to sustaining customer participation in hospital-based farmers’ markets: Insights from employees
Open Access
  1. Daniel George
  2. Jennifer Kraschnewski
  3. Liza Rovniak
  4. Lindsay Vaughn
  5. Judy Dillon
  1. Nutrition
  2. Worksite health
  3. Health protective behavior
  4. Worksite health promotion
  5. Farmers market
License In Copyright (Rights Reserved)
Work Type Article
  1. Journal of Hospital Administration
Publication Date March 31, 2015
Publisher Identifier (DOI)
Deposited July 25, 2022




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Work History

Version 1

  • Created
  • Added Manuscript.pdf
  • Added Creator Daniel George
  • Added Creator Jennifer Kraschnewski
  • Added Creator Liza Rovniak
  • Added Creator Lindsay Vaughn
  • Added Creator Judy Dillon
  • Published
  • Updated Keyword, Publisher Identifier (DOI), Publication Date Show Changes
    • Nutrition, Worksite health, Health protective behavior, Worksite health promotion, Farmers market
    Publisher Identifier (DOI)
    • DOI: 10.5430/jha.v4n3p20
    Publication Date
    • 2015-01-01
    • 2015-03-31
  • Updated