Christian Identity in the United States After September 11th, 2001: Christian Nationalism and the Alternative of Nonviolence
Modern scholarship is only now developing that attempts to tackle the use, interpretation, and application of religion in a post September 11th America. The purpose of this research is to investigate the role of Conservative American Christianity in the justification of military violence in the Middle East, as well as present scholarship on an often over looked area of American religious study; the theology and use of nonviolence in modern American Christianity. Religion, specifically Christianity, has played a historic role in shaping the culture and politics of the United States. The terror attacks on September 11th, 2001 created a political and social environment in which many Conservative American Christians rekindled a spirit of Christian Nationalism and identity. This resulted in the use of theology, belief, and religious identities to justify American military force in the Middle East. Despite the pronounced role of Conservative Christianity in American politics, alternatives to the narrative of Christian Nationalism exist within American Christianity. Following the September 11th attacks, groups of Christian Pacifists sought to apply the ethics of nonviolence in the new political and social world created in the wake of the terror attacks. Theology, such as that created and promoted by pacifist theologians like Stanley Hauerwas and Ron Sider was popularized by cultural figures such as Shane Claiborne. Actions by groups such as the Christian Peacemaker Teams, tax resistors and other war resistors put into action a renewed and relevant version of Modern Christian Pacifism. The future effectiveness of this theology may depend not only on faithful adherence to pacifism, but also work done with proponents of Just War in order to reduce the occurrence of war. Modern Christian Pacifism represents the extenuation of a traditional Christian theology in America, as well as represents an alternative to political ideology promoted by some nationalistic Conservative Christians in a post September 11th America.
|Work Title||Christian Identity in the United States After September 11th, 2001: Christian Nationalism and the Alternative of Nonviolence|
|License||Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States|
|Deposited||April 27, 2016|
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