Physical Activity and Self-Esteem in Middle Childhood: A Systematic Literature Review
During middle childhood (6-12 years old), children are experiencing a plethora of changes simultaneously occurring, which can affect the development of self-esteem. Physical activity (PA) is associated with increased self-esteem and mood, and decreased symptoms of depression and anxiety. During middle childhood, school settings often implement PA in many ways. In empirically based literature, evidence for the association between PA and self-esteem, mood, and mental health aspects has been explored, but few assess the impact of PA on self-esteem during middle childhood. The goal of this literature review was to summarize and synthesize the relationship between PA and self-esteem in middle childhood. PsycINFO and SPORTDiscus databases were thoroughly searched for peer-reviewed empirical articles written in English and published in scholarly journals from 2018-2022. After removing duplicates, 203 articles were screened using inclusion/exclusion criteria. Five articles with various methodologies were included in this literature review. Results from these articles suggest that physical activity was found to correlate with an increase in self-esteem in children aged six to 12 years old from various locations (i.e., USA, Europe, and South America). Evidence was provided for the impact of PA interventions—ranging from 2 weeks to 8 months—in increasing children’s self-esteem. Despite reviewed studies supporting the use of PA in increasing self-esteem, more research is warranted to better understand these associations with diverse populations (e.g., health-related challenges and ethnic minorities).
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|Physical Activity and Self-Esteem in Middle Childhood: A Systematic Literature Review
|In Copyright (Rights Reserved)
|May 23, 2023