Habit-Dependent Vapor Growth Modulates Arctic Supercooled Water Occurrence

We present an analysis of long-term data collected at Utqiaġvik, Alaska, to explore the impacts of cloud processes on the probability of finding supercooled water given cloud temperature, P(L|T), in the topmost unseeded liquid-bearing layers. P(L|T) has local minima at temperatures around −6°C and −15°C. Simulations using habit-evolving ice microphysics models suggest that these minima are the result of efficient vapor growth by non-isometric habits found at these temperatures. We conclude that habit-dependent vapor growth of ice crystals modulates the macrophysical occurrence of supercooled water in polar clouds, the effect of which should be included in model parametrizations to avoid biases and/or error compensation. Our methodology is adaptable for spherical ice treatments implemented in models (example parametrizations provided), amenable for use with satellite measurements to give global impartial observational targets for model evaluations, and may allow empirical characterization of bulk responses to seeding and possibly secondary ice effects.



Work Title Habit-Dependent Vapor Growth Modulates Arctic Supercooled Water Occurrence
Open Access
  1. Israel Silber
  2. Paul S. McGlynn
  3. Jerry Y. Harrington
  4. Johannes Verlinde
License In Copyright (Rights Reserved)
Work Type Article
  1. Geophysical Research Letters
Publication Date May 28, 2021
Publisher Identifier (DOI)
  1. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021GL092767
Deposited August 16, 2021




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Work History

Version 1

  • Created
  • Added PLT_revised_final.pdf
  • Added Creator Israel Silber
  • Added Creator Paul S. McGlynn
  • Added Creator Jerry Y. Harrington
  • Added Creator Johannes Verlinde
  • Published
  • Updated
  • Updated