Screening the Whole Social-Emotional Child: Expanding a Brief SEL Assessment to Include Emotional Behavior Concerns

Universal screening of students is increasing as programs are implemented for improving social emotional learning (SEL) skills. Assessments used to conduct SEL screenings focus on social emotional strengths; however, such assessments can provide a broader characterization of students’ wellbeing by concurrently screening for emotional behavior concerns (EBC). This article describes the development of brief EBC-Internalizing and EBC-Externalizing scales designed to augment the SSIS SEL Brief Scales (SSIS SELb) Teacher and Student Forms. To further evaluate the utility of concurrently screening for SEL and EBCs, we examined distributions of SEL scores at each EBC Concern level. Both the Teacher and Student assessments of SEL skills and EBC behaviors maximized efficiency and yielded reliable and valid scores that provide insights regarding the interplay of these behavior constructs. The SSIS SELb and EBC scales can be administered together as the SSIS SELb + Mental Health Scales to provide efficient measurement of the whole social emotional child. The article examines the study’s limitations, follow-up research, and implications for using brief universal screenings and instructional programs to advance the wellbeing of students. Impact Statement Universal screening of children’s social emotional learning (SEL) competencies has been strength focused. A meaningful percentage of students identified as functioning at competent or advanced SEL levels, however, concurrently report cooccurring internalizing or externalizing emotional behavior concerns (EBC). Thus, universal screening programs that integrate EBC and SEL measurement can better serve the whole social emotional child.

This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in School Psychology Review on 2021-01-29, available online:


  • SSIS_SEL_MH_Scales_FINAL.docx

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Work Title Screening the Whole Social-Emotional Child: Expanding a Brief SEL Assessment to Include Emotional Behavior Concerns
Open Access
  1. Stephen Nelson Elliott
  2. Pui Wa Lei
  3. Christopher J. Anthony
  4. James Clyde DiPerna
  1. Mental health screening
  2. Universal screening
  3. Social emotional learning
  4. Emotional behavior concerns
  5. Criterion-referenced scores
  6. Whole social emotional child assessment
License CC BY-NC 4.0 (Attribution-NonCommercial)
Work Type Article
  1. School Psychology Review
Publication Date January 29, 2021
Publisher Identifier (DOI)
Deposited March 09, 2024




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Work History

Version 1

  • Created
  • Added SSIS_SEL_MH_Scales_FINAL.docx
  • Added Creator Stephen Nelson Elliott
  • Added Creator Pui Wa Lei
  • Added Creator Christopher J. Anthony
  • Added Creator James Clyde DiPerna
  • Published
  • Updated Keyword, Publication Date Show Changes
    • Mental health screening, Universal screening, Social emotional learning, Emotional behavior concerns, Criterion-referenced scores, Whole social emotional child assessment
    Publication Date
    • 2023-01-01
    • 2021-01-29
  • Updated