Understanding steroid use - review and discussion of 'Gym culture, identity and performance-enhancing drugs'.

This is a review and discussion of Ask Vest Christiansen’s book Gym Culture, Identity and Performance-Enhancing Drugs: Tracing a Typology of Steroid Use (2020). As indicated by the title, the book is on gym culture, the pursuit of fit, muscular bodies and the use of drugs as a means to get there. The book builds on the international research literature and indepth interviews with men who have experience of image and performance enhancing drugs (IPEDs), to explore the fascination with muscles, motivations for using drugs to enhance them, assessments of risk and experience of side effects. The book examines what the altered body does to the men’s identity, self-image and relationships with peers and partners. Taking an evolutionary psychological approach, it also investigates the biological and psychological foundations of the fascination with the muscular body. Moreover, the book considers the political and regulatory frameworks in place to prevent the use of IPEDs and assess those strategies potential to reach their aims. In what follows April Henning, Francisco Javier Lopez Frias, and John Hoberman will provide their reflections on the book after which Christiansen will respond to the three commentaries.



Work Title Understanding steroid use - review and discussion of 'Gym culture, identity and performance-enhancing drugs'.
Open Access
  1. Ask Vest Christiansen
  2. April Henning
  3. Francisco Javier Lopez Frias
  4. John Hoberman
License In Copyright (Rights Reserved)
Work Type Article
  1. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy
Publication Date August 1, 2021
Publisher Identifier (DOI)
  1. https://doi.org/10.1080/17511321.2021.1949386
Deposited November 18, 2021




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Work History

Version 1

  • Created
  • Added Tracing_Steroid_Use_Review_and_discussion_AH+JL+JH+AVC_Final.docx
  • Added Creator Ask Vest Christiansen
  • Added Creator April Henning
  • Added Creator Francisco Javier Lopez Frias
  • Added Creator John Hoberman
  • Published
  • Updated
  • Updated
  • Updated