! COVID-19 New Cases and Environmental Factors During Wet and Dry Seasons in West and Southern Africa

Sub-Saharan Africa has been the last continent to experience a significant number of cases in the novel Coronavirus (COVID-19). Studies suggest that air pollution is related to COVID-19 mortality; poor air quality has been linked to cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, and respiratory diseases, which are considered co-morbidities linked to COVID-19 deaths. We examine potential connections between country-wide COVID-19 cases and environmental conditions in Senegal, Cabo Verde, Nigeria, Cote D’Ivoire, and Angola. We analyze PM2.5 concentrations, temperatures from cost-effective in situ measurements, aerosol optical depth (AOD), and fire count and NO2 column values from space-borne platforms from 1 January 2020 through 31 March 2021. Our results show that the first COVID-19 wave in West Africa began during the wet season of 2020, followed by a second during the dry season of 2020. In Angola, the first wave starts during the biomass burning season but does not peak until November of 2020. Overall PM2.5 concentrations are the highest in Ibadan, Nigeria, and coincided with the second wave of COVID-19 in late 2021 and early 2022. The COVID-19 waves in Cabo Verde are not in phase with those in Senegal, Nigeria, and Cote, lagging by several months in general. Temperature correlations during the first wave are consistent with previous research, being positively correlated in the Sahel during the first wave and negatively correlated in the Gulf of Guinea.

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Work Title ! COVID-19 New Cases and Environmental Factors During Wet and Dry Seasons in West and Southern Africa
Access
Open Access
Creators
  1. Gregory Jenkins
Keyword
  1. Environment
  2. COVID-19
  3. West Africa
  4. Southern Africa
License CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 (Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives)
Work Type Dataset
Publisher
  1. American Geophysical Union
Publication Date 2022
Language
  1. English
DOI doi:10.26207/tfqg-9486
Deposited September 09, 2022

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Version 1
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  • Created
  • Updated
  • Added Creator Gregory Jenkins
  • Updated Description Show Changes
    Description
    • Sub-Saharan Africa has been the last continent to experience a significant number of cases in the novel Coronavirus (COVID-19). Studies suggest that air pollution is related to COVID-19 mortality; poor air quality has been linked to cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, and respiratory diseases, which are considered co-morbidities linked to COVID-19 deaths. We examine potential connections between country-wide COVID-19 cases and environmental conditions in Senegal, Cabo Verde, Nigeria, Cote D’Ivoire, and Angola. We analyze PM2.5 concentrations, temperatures from cost-effective in situ measurements, aerosol optical depth (AOD), and fire count and NO2 column values from space-borne platforms from 1 January 2020 through 31 March 2021. Our results show that the first COVID-19 wave in West Africa began during the wet season of 2020, followed by a second during the dry season of 2020. In Angola, the first wave starts during the biomass burning season but does not peak until November of 2020. Overall PM2.5 concentrations are the highest in Ibadan, Nigeria, and coincided with the second wave of COVID-19 in late 2021 and early 2022. The COVID-19 waves in Cabo Verde are not in phase with those in Senegal, Nigeria, and Cote, lagging by several months in general. Temperature correlations during the first wave are consistent with previous research, being positively correlated in the Sahel during the first wave and negatively correlated in the Gulf of Guinea.
  • Added senegal_precip_janmar2021.csv
  • Added cv_precip_janmar21.csv
  • Added CI_precip_janmar2021.csv
  • Added nigeria_precip_jan_mar2021.csv
  • Added Angola_weekly_precip.csv
  • Added Angola_weekly_covid_2021.csv
  • Updated Publication Date, License Show Changes
    Publication Date
    • 2022
    License
    • https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
  • Published
  • Updated Work Title Show Changes
    Work Title
    • COVID-19 New Cases and Environmental Factors During Wet and Dry Seasons in West and Southern Africa
    • ! COVID-19 New Cases and Environmental Factors During Wet and Dry Seasons in West and Southern Africa