This study assessed memory profile patterns for adults with Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and reading disorders (RD). Comorbidity and differential diagnoses, specifically RD, make it difficult to determine whether an individual may have a pure attention disorder, or whether cognitive difficulties are attributed to a coexisting RD. Results of the study indicated that profile patterns served to identify differences between ADHD and RD adult populations on Guilford’s Structure–of-Intellect (SOI) memory measures when applied to
WAIS-R protocols. Conclusions support current research that adults with RD experience difficulties on memory functions, specifically on symbolic memory measures, when compared to the ADHD diagnostic group. Inefficient memory functions can further compromise effective learning. The use of memory profile analysis may assist in identifying cognitive characteristics of RD and ADHD groups, and may also provide supportive information for more effective individualized academic planning and remediation in a college setting.