A Comparison of Stimulus Variability in Lexical Tone and Melody Perception Public

Music and language share perceptual resources, and both map sound to invariant categories—invariant over and within speakers for language and over instruments and keys for music. The effects of stimulus variability on lexical tone and musical interval tasks among non-tone language speakers were compared using a matching (XAB) task under varying levels of stimulus variability. Listeners perceived Mandarin words better with single rather than multiple speakers and showed similar advantages in melodic interval perception for low (single instrument) versus high (multiple instruments) variability sets. Lexical tone and musical interval perception were affected similarly by increasing stimulus variability, on average. However, the magnitude of variability effects within subjects was not well correlated between the tasks, providing no evidence for shared category-mapping mechanism for the two domains. Instead, it suggests that crossover between tone and melody processing is driven by shared encoding of acoustic-phonetic features, and that differences in performance and learning by tone language speakers and musicians in the other domain represent progress along a phonetic–phonological–lexical continuum.

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Metadata

Creator
EVAN DAVID BRADLEY
Keyword
music
variability
lexical tone
pitch
learning
Rights
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Resource type
Article
Identifier
10.1177/0033294117734832
Size
302 KB
Total items
1

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