A Stress Model of Psychological Contract Violation Among Ethnic Minority Employees Public

Objectives: Integrating the transactional theory of stress and coping and research on discrimination perception/attribution, we propose a stress model of psychological contract (PC) violation among ethnic minority employees. We argue that ethnic minority employees tend to appraise PC violation as a threat and attribute it to personal ethnic discrimination (as well as low organizational trustworthiness), which in turn leads ethnic minority employees to engage in fear-driven silence as a form of emotion-based withdrawal coping. Methods: We conducted two survey studies (Studies 1 and 2), an experimental study (Study 3), and a supplementary meta-analysis of the three studies. Results: We found support for our model. Ethnic minority employees’ perception of personal ethnic discrimination, rather than their perception of low organizational trustworthiness, translated PC violation to fear-driven silence. Our result patterns remained the same when we controlled for neuroticism and social desirability. Conclusions: By delineating ethnic minorities’ appraisal/attribution of and coping with PC violation, the current research advances the literatures on both PC and ethnic discrimination.

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Metadata

Creator
Dejun Tony Kong
Phillip M. Jolly
Keyword
stress appraisal
coping
silence
psychological contract
ethnic discrimination
Rights
All rights reserved
Resource type
Article
Contributors
Phillip Jolly
Publisher
American Psychological Association
Published Date
2018
Language
English
Identifier
dx.doi.org/10.1037/cdp0000235
Size
851 KB
Total items
1

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