This study is an investigation of the level of burnout of public school band directors who perform on their major instrument. Band directors in particular experience burnout due to their varied responsibilities in teaching, administration, and after-school commitments. One coping strategy to avoid burn-out relates to returning to band directorsâ first loves, performance on their primary instrument. 36 band directors teaching in the elementary through high school level completed a questionnaire in which they provided demographic information and also responded to items on the Maslach Burnout Inventory â Educators Survey. The demographic information included age, years of teaching service, teaching responsibilities, size of school district, perceived performance opportunities, and major instrument in undergraduate study. The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) consists of twenty-two statements describing feelings and perceptions associated with burnout and is broken down into three subscales: Emotional Exhaustion, Depersonalization, and Personal Achievement. Among the thirty-six respondents, 56% showed a high rate of Emotional Exhaustion; 53% showed a moderate rate of Depersonalization; and 89% showed a low rate of burnout on the Personal Achievement subscale. A significant yet weak positive correlation was found between personal public performance and level of burnout. A low correlation was also found between school and community size and frequency of performance. Implications for teacher training as well as areas of further research are discussed.