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  1. Facets of Philosophic and Psychological Wellbeing: An Exploration of Human Happiness [Download]

    Title: Facets of Philosophic and Psychological Wellbeing: An Exploration of Human Happiness
    Depositor: Brian Charles Fairfield
    Creator:
    • Fairfield, Brian Charles
    Description: In that it has been argued widely by both philosophers and psychologists that human happiness is the ultimate end to which our many means and activities are directed, we can also reasonably maintain that such happiness is not merely an episodically-occurring event, but rather, a more protracted state of being and a quality of one’s character—the result of living well. This thesis will examine how a conception of eudaimonia (the ancient Greek term broadly translated as human happiness) consists of a state of human flourishing and how that can be made more synonymous with what we mean by the more modern notion of wellbeing. Because eudaimonia requires virtuous activity of the soul (psyche) and involves self-growth and personal development, I argue that virtuous activity enables a more robust and hence preferable kind of happiness—sustainable happiness. In other words, human wellbeing consists of a kind of sustainable happiness that is afforded through virtuous conduct. In denoting and delineating various kinds of virtuous activity and its application to the human world, I argue for the conceptualization of three facets of life that regard wellbeing: these consist of our Relationships, our ability to court Adversity, and our capacity to doubt and seek clarity—what I broadly term, Negation. More particularly, I first argue that when our human relationships are pursued thoughtfully and reflectively, a beneficial interpersonal network of support and companionship come into existence (since this entails our happiness shared with others). Secondly, I argue that the facet of adversity (or productive opposition to particular goals), when engaged well, can promote personal conceptions of meaning and purpose, too (as this entails a happiness of one’s own). And thirdly, I show that the facet of negation (having doubts and seeking clarity), when encountered constructively, can promote better forms of happiness and meaning (since this entails our happiness when under revision). Finally, I argue that the best pursuit of each of these facets occurs when each is given sufficient and full expression—thus, wellbeing consists of a harmonious contentment between the facets and faces of our lives. In order to better understand the overall structure of the argument and analysis, I also present a simple visual model of the work, as well discuss possible implications for future research on human wellbeing.
    Keywords: BPhil, Happiness, Psychology, Philosophy
    Date Uploaded: 2017-05-28
  2. The Genth Collection of Meterorites: Catalog and Bibliography [Download]

    Title: The Genth Collection of Meterorites: Catalog and Bibliography
    Depositor: Joshua David Wilkins
    Creator:
    • Vladimir Vand
    • Mineral Industries Experiment Station
    Description:
    Keywords: minerals
    Date Uploaded: 2017-05-25
  3. Laser Induced Fluorescence (LIF) Nondestructive Evaluation of Incipient Heat Damage in Polymer Matrix Composites, A2476 - DATA SUPPLEMENT [Download]

    Title: Laser Induced Fluorescence (LIF) Nondestructive Evaluation of Incipient Heat Damage in Polymer Matrix Composites, A2476 - DATA SUPPLEMENT
    Depositor: Robert K Olendorf
    Creator:
    • Daniel W. Merdes
    • Christopher M. Bowie
    • Clark A. Moose
    Description: Fluorescence spectra were measured against four sets of polymer matrix composite (PMC) specimens that had been heated under controlled conditions of time and temperature at the Naval Air Systems Command (NAVAIR). Each set consisted of specimens of a different carbon-fiber-reinforced PMC material: AS4/3501-6 5HS; AS4/3501-6 Uni-Tape; IM7/5250-4 Uni-Tape; and IM7/977-3 Uni-Tape. A chemometric model was developed to correlate changes in spectral features with changes in strength, which NAVAIR had measured according to the short-beam shear (SBS) standard after performing the heat treatments. That model is shown to be able to predict whether a given specimen had been degraded to below 80% of original strength based on its fluorescence spectrum. This is the data set supporting the associated report.
    Keywords: polymer, epoxy, flourescence spectrum, materials science
    Date Uploaded: 2017-05-23
  4. Guide for evaluating ultimate cost of heating systems [Download]

    Title: Guide for evaluating ultimate cost of heating systems
    Depositor: Angel Noelle Peterson
    Creator:
    • Streeter, R. L.
    Description: Deciding which of several energy sources is the most economical for space heating is a problem that must be solved by many architects and design engineers. The problem, always complex, has become even more intricate in recent years because of changes in fuel economics, increased construction costs, rising labor costs, and continuing advances in building construction techniques. Now, improved technology in electrical power generation makes space heating with electricity attractive in many instances, adding a whole new series of variables to the basic problem. There is growing recognition that the economy of a heating system must be judged not only by the amount of money required at the present time to build the plant but also by the amount required to operate it over its expected life (usually 30 to 40 years) . But an energy study that truly reveals this ultimate heating cost requires careful accounting of all the pertinent factors and is not a simple thing to prepare. This Better Building Report provides architects and design engineers with a comprehensive guide for the preparation of all-inclusive and meaningful energy studies and demonstrates the use of the guide in situations favorable to coal, oil, gas, or electricity as energy sources. It will also serve as a checklist for evaluating such studies.
    Keywords: engineering, heating, costs
    Date Uploaded: 2017-05-23
  5. The development of a mathematical model for predicting solar heat gains through building walls and roofs [Download]

    Title: The development of a mathematical model for predicting solar heat gains through building walls and roofs
    Depositor: Angel Noelle Peterson
    Creator:
    • Degelman, Larry O.
    Description: The ability to be able to predict accurately the solar heat gaia through walls and roofs would help a designer in selecting wall systems on a minimum total cost basis. This study, therefore, develops general mathematical models which will describe the heat gain into a building from the direct and diffuse solar radiation and indoor-outdoor temperature differentials. These models are intended for future use by a computer as a segment of the calculation of total air-conditioning loads on a building. In order to use such a mathematical model effectively, the author is in the process of developing a problem-oriented computer language. The computer language will contain mathematical models for heat gain and heat loss calculations, a repertoire of building wall and roof systems, their thermal properties and costs, and a set of rules and regulations for the use of the language. The requirements for using such a design language indicate a need for the availability of mathematical equations which will describe the sun's position, the periodic heat flow through walls, roof, and windows, and the total cooling and heating loads. Since the determination of the ultimate costs of wall and roof systems (including air-conditioning operating costs) is a requirement, the use of only the "design" conditions is not sufficient. To evaluate the costs properly, the total year round operating costs are needed. Most of the available information on this subject is presented for design conditions only and not for year round operating cost evaluation (Ref. 3). Therefore, the need has arisen for the development of mathematical equations which will accurately predict the operating costs of an air-conditioning system as well as determine the capacity requirement of the system. Using these models in a computer, a designer will be aided in the selection of wall systems using the ultimate cost (air-conditioning and maintenance costs plus initial costs) as a basis for his selection. The research described in this study was done as part of Project MODCON (Man-Machine Optimum Design and Construction, see Refs. 1 and 2) within the Department of Architectural Engineering and the Institute for Building Research at The Pennsylvania State University. The research goal of Project MODCON is the development of a systematic approach to optimal building design and the production of construction documents for use in building construction. The techniques developed from this continuing project of research studies are intended for use by educational programs as well as by the building industry and the building design professions. For effective use of such techniques, the MODCON system integrates various phases of analog and digital computer applications and automation techniques in order to present decision-making information to the building designer and to communicate and document information for use by the building industry. Areas of application to the building industry and construction process include the following: Computer-aided planning and design Building material and component selection Specifications development Building system design and performance calculations Cost analysis and estimates Construction scheduling Office management and scheduling Automation techniques to accomplish the above applications would involve: Information storage and retrieval Visual image retrieval and manipulation Mathematical computation (digital and analog) Graphical communications through use of data plotters and cathode ray tubes At present the MODCON project has progressed to the point of utilization of data plotters for drawing plans and elevations of buildings and the initiation and use of computer programs for information retrieval and subsystem design such as structural member design and solar control. Future efforts will be aimed at improving man-machine communications for building designers and developing mathematical models, such as the one contained in this report, for use in an overall system for design and evaluation of building systems.
    Keywords: engineering, heating, costs, solar heating
    Date Uploaded: 2017-05-23
  6. Frost SOP 05: Exit Protocols and Exit Clearance Procedures [Download]

    Title: Frost SOP 05: Exit Protocols and Exit Clearance Procedures
    Depositor: Andrew Robert Deans
    Creator:
    • Deans, Andrew Robert
    Description:
    Keywords: policies, procedures, collection
    Date Uploaded: 2017-05-22
  7. An update on the usage of on vs. nous in spoken Mediterranean French [Download]

    Title: An update on the usage of on vs. nous in spoken Mediterranean French
    Depositor: Evan David Bradley
    Creator:
    • Bradley, Evan David
    • Schmid, Hope Elizabeth
    • Birog, Sanja Talyse Teitsort
    Description:
    Keywords: linguistics, French
    Date Uploaded: 2017-05-17
  8. Effects of Singing on Melodic Interval Perception Training [Download]

    Title: Effects of Singing on Melodic Interval Perception Training
    Depositor: Evan David Bradley
    Creator:
    • Bradley, Evan David
    • Young, Corey
    • Nicosia, Antonio
    • Fairfield, Brian
    • Ezzedine, Lori
    • Mauro, Guy
    Description:
    Keywords: music, music education
    Date Uploaded: 2017-05-17
  9. Does Singing Help Musical Listening Skills? A Comparison of Perception-Only and Paired Perception-Production Ear Training [Download]

    Title: Does Singing Help Musical Listening Skills? A Comparison of Perception-Only and Paired Perception-Production Ear Training
    Depositor: Evan David Bradley
    Creator:
    • Bradley, Evan David
    • Nicosia, Antonio
    • Belgrave, Duane
    • Fairfield, Brian
    Description:
    Keywords: music, music education
    Date Uploaded: 2017-05-17
  10. Laser Induced Fluorescence (LIF) Nondestructive Evaluation of Incipient Heat Damage in Polymer Matrix Composites, A2476 [Download]

    Title: Laser Induced Fluorescence (LIF) Nondestructive Evaluation of Incipient Heat Damage in Polymer Matrix Composites, A2476
    Depositor: Robert K Olendorf
    Creator:
    • Daniel W. Merdes
    • Christopher M. Bowie
    • Clark A. Moose
    Description: Fluorescence spectra were measured against four sets of polymer matrix composite (PMC) specimens that had been heated under controlled conditions of time and temperature at the Naval Air Systems Command (NAVAIR). Each set consisted of specimens of a different carbon-fiber-reinforced PMC material: AS4/3501-6 5HS; AS4/3501-6 Uni-Tape; IM7/5250-4 Uni-Tape; and IM7/977-3 Uni-Tape. A chemometric model was developed to correlate changes in spectral features with changes in strength, which NAVAIR had measured according to the short-beam shear (SBS) standard after performing the heat treatments. That model is shown to be able to predict whether a given specimen had been degraded to below 80% of original strength based on its fluorescence spectrum. All steps of the chemometric model are fully described, and the complete data are provided in the associates zip file.
    Keywords: polymer, epoxy, flourescence spectrum, materials science
    Date Uploaded: 2017-05-15